09 | Renewable Energy

Today you will learn 5 new English words related to "Renewable Energy"

TODAY’S TOPIC: “Renewable Energy”

“Renewable energy” is a vital topic for you, an ESL learner, to study and understand due to its relevance in addressing global environmental challenges and the increasing importance of sustainable practices. Today’s words will make sure you are equipped with the language necessary to engage in discussions about climate change, environmental conservation, and energy transition. Let’s jump right in.


1 | Photovoltaic

  • Part of speech: Adjective

  • Definition: Relating to the conversion of light into electricity, typically using solar cells.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Photovoltaic panels on rooftops generate clean electricity from sunlight.

    2. The photovoltaic system harnesses solar energy to power the entire facility.

    3. Researchers are working on enhancing the efficiency of photovoltaic technology.

2 | Hydropower

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: Electricity generated by the movement of water, typically from flowing rivers or falling water.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Hydropower is a renewable energy source that harnesses the energy of flowing water to generate electricity.

    2. Dams and turbines are common components of hydropower systems.

    3. The region benefits from a stable energy supply due to its reliance on hydropower.

3 | Wind Turbine

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A device that converts the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy used to generate electricity.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Wind turbines dotting the landscape generate significant amounts of clean energy.

    2. The efficiency of wind turbines has improved with advancements in technology.

    3. Communities invested in wind energy embrace the benefits of wind turbine installations.

4 | Geothermal

  • Part of speech: Adjective

  • Definition: Relating to the heat derived from the Earth's internal structure, often used for heating or electricity generation.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Geothermal energy is harnessed by tapping into the Earth's natural heat reservoirs.

    2. Geothermal power plants convert underground heat into electricity.

    3. The hotel relies on geothermal heating for its energy needs.

5 | Biomass

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: Organic materials, such as plants or agricultural waste, used as a source of renewable energy.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Biomass energy is generated by burning organic materials, reducing dependence on fossil fuels.

    2. Pellets made from biomass serve as a sustainable alternative for heating.

    3. Researchers explore innovative ways to convert biomass into biofuels.


Renewable energy is a transformative force in addressing the world's energy needs. Photovoltaic technology, which utilizes solar cells, captures sunlight and converts it into electricity, allowing for clean and efficient power generation. Hydropower harnesses the kinetic energy of flowing water to produce a reliable source of renewable electricity. Wind turbines, which can be seen on landscapes worldwide, capture the energy of the wind and convert it into electrical power, contributing significantly to reducing reliance on fossil fuels. Geothermal energy taps into the Earth's internal heat, providing a constant and eco-friendly source for heating and generating electricity. Lastly, biomass, derived from organic materials such as plants and agricultural waste, offers a renewable alternative to traditional fuels, further mitigating environmental impact. As you can see, renewable energy is now essential for the health of out planet. Using these diverse renewable energy sources is a giant step towards a sustainable future!

Access the practice lessons for today’s vocabulary words and master your pronunciation by going to the “English With Tiffani” app.