01 | Literature

Today you will learn 5 new English words related to "Literature "

TODAY’S TOPIC: “Literature”

Studying “literature” is extremely beneficial for ESL learners like yourself, as it provides a rich language experience, which exposes you to diverse vocabulary and language structures. In essence, literature serves as a valuable tool for enhancing language proficiency, critical analysis, and cultural understanding for you as an ESL student. So, today’s vocabulary words will help you engage in deeper conversations about “literature”. Let’s jump right in!


1 | Protagonist

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The main character in a literary work, often the hero or central figure.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. The protagonist's journey captivated readers with its twists and turns.

    2. As a determined protagonist, she faced challenges head-on to achieve her goals.

    3. The author skillfully developed the protagonist's character, evoking empathy from the audience.

2 | Antagonist

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The character or force that opposes the protagonist in a story, creating conflict.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. The cunning antagonist schemed to thwart the protagonist's plans at every turn.

    2. The novel's antagonist embodied the darker aspects of human nature, adding depth to the narrative.

    3. Readers were intrigued by the unpredictable actions of the antagonist, keeping them engaged in the story.

3 | Foreshadowing

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A literary device where the author hints at future events in the narrative.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. The subtle foreshadowing in the opening chapter hinted at the impending conflict.

    2. The author's use of foreshadowing heightened the suspense, leaving readers eager to unravel the story's secrets.

    3. Through clever foreshadowing, the impending tragedy became increasingly apparent to attentive readers.

4 | Symbolism

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities in literature.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. The author employed symbolism, using a rose to represent love and beauty in the story.

    2. The recurring motif of the owl carried deep symbolic meaning throughout the novel.

    3. The use of symbolism allowed the author to convey complex themes with subtlety and depth.

5 | Irony

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A literary technique involving a contradiction between appearance and reality, or expectation and outcome.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. The irony of the situation was that the seemingly insignificant detail played a pivotal role in the plot.

    2. The author used situational irony to create a surprising twist that left readers reevaluating the story.

    3. Verbal irony was evident when the character's words conveyed a different meaning than intended, adding humor to the dialogue.


In literature, characters serve as the heartbeat of a narrative, embodying the timeless struggle between protagonist and antagonist. The protagonist is often the hero or central figure who propels the story forward with aspirations, conflicts, and growth. Meanwhile, the antagonist creates conflict and opposition for the protagonist. Through the artful use of foreshadowing, an author can hint at the unfolding events, creating an anticipation that keeps readers on the edge of their seats. Some authors also use symbolism. Symbolism just runs through the narrative, infusing ordinary elements with deeper meaning, guiding readers to interpret the layers beneath the surface. Lastly, there’s irony. Irony just dances between the lines, juxtaposing expectation with reality, adding a touch of both humor and profound revelation. All in all, in literature, every part of the story plays a unique roll in creating the overall experience for the reader.

Access the practice lessons for today’s vocabulary words and master your pronunciation by going to the “English With Tiffani” app.