06 | Psychology

Today you will learn 5 new English words related to "Psychology"

TODAY’S TOPIC: “Psychology”

Learning about “psychology” is beneficial for you as an ESL learner because it provides precious insights into human behavior, cognition, and communication patterns. Understanding psychological concepts helps learners grasp the nuances of interpersonal interactions, allowing them to communicate more effectively in a new language. Today’s vocabulary words will help you enhance your language skills and enable you to engage in meaningful conversations about “psychology”. Let’s jump right in!


1 | Cognition

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The mental processes related to acquiring, processing, storing, and using information.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Cognitive psychology explores how people think, remember, and solve problems.

    2. Memory is a fundamental aspect of cognition, influencing our ability to recall past experiences.

    3. Language acquisition is a complex cognitive process that varies across individuals.

2 | Trait

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A characteristic or feature that distinguishes an individual's personality.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. The Big Five personality traits include openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.

    2. Psychologists use trait theory to understand and measure consistent patterns in behavior.

    3. Identifying positive traits can contribute to self-awareness and personal development.

3 | Empathy

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The ability to understand and share the feelings of another person.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Developing empathy is crucial for building strong interpersonal relationships.

    2. Psychologists emphasize the role of empathy in effective communication and conflict resolution.

    3. Teaching empathy in schools can contribute to creating a more compassionate and understanding society.

4 | Conformity

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: Adjusting one's behavior or beliefs to match those of a group or society.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Social psychology investigates the factors influencing conformity within social groups.

    2. Peer pressure often leads to conformity as individuals strive to fit in with their peers.

    3. The experiment demonstrated how individuals might conform to group opinions even when they know they are incorrect.

5 | Perception

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The process of interpreting and organizing sensory information to make sense of the world.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Optical illusions play with our perception, highlighting how our brains interpret visual stimuli.

    2. Perception can influence how we perceive and interpret the intentions of others.

    3. The study examined how cultural differences can shape individuals' perceptions of facial expressions.


Psychology looks at how our minds function, studying things like how we think (cognition), the unique qualities that make up our personalities (traits), understanding and sharing others' feelings (empathy), fitting in with what others do (conformity), and how we make sense of what we see and experience (perception). It's like peeking into the different pieces of our minds to understand why we act the way we do and how we connect with those around us. Psychology, as a discipline, continues to unveil the complexities of the human psyche, offering insights that extend beyond individual behavior to the intricate tapestry of human interactions and societal dynamics.

Access the practice lessons for today’s vocabulary words and master your pronunciation by going to the “English With Tiffani” app.