04 | Gardening

Today you will learn 5 new English words related to "Gardening"

TODAY’S TOPIC: “Gardening”

Gardening” is a great topic for you as an ESL learner to study because it's practical and covers a wide range of useful words. Learning about plants, tools, and gardening methods helps you with everyday language. Plus, talking about gardening gives you a chance to use English in real-life situations, like giving instructions or discussing nature. Today, I’m introducing new words that will enable you to have deeper and more meaningful conversations about “gardening.” Let's jump right in!


1 | Mulch

  • Part of speech: Noun/Verb

  • Definition: A protective covering, usually of organic material like leaves or straw, spread over the soil to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Gardeners often use mulch to prevent soil erosion and maintain soil moisture.

    2. Be sure to mulch around the base of your plants to keep the soil temperature stable.

    3. Mulching your flower beds can help control weed growth.

2 | Compost

  • Part of speech: Noun/Verb

  • Definition: Decayed organic material, such as kitchen scraps or yard waste, used as a fertilizer for plants.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Creating compost is an eco-friendly way to recycle kitchen and garden waste.

    2. Gardeners recommend composting for enriching the soil with natural nutrients.

    3. Adding a layer of compost to the garden beds improves soil fertility.

3 | Pruning

  • Part of speech: Verb

  • Definition: Trimming or cutting back branches or stems of plants to promote healthy growth or achieve a desired shape.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Regular pruning is essential for shaping trees and encouraging strong, new growth.

    2. Be cautious while pruning to avoid damaging the main branches of the plant.

    3. Pruning roses in late winter helps stimulate vigorous spring growth.

4 | Pollination

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The transfer of pollen from the male part of a flower to the female part, leading to fertilization and seed production.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Bees play a crucial role in the pollination of many fruit and vegetable crops.

    2. Gardeners can enhance pollination by attracting pollinators like butterflies and hummingbirds.

    3. Understanding the pollination process is vital for successful fruit production in a garden.

5 | Fertilizer

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A substance or mixture added to soil to enhance its fertility and provide essential nutrients to plants.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Applying fertilizer in the spring helps promote healthy growth during the growing season.

    2. Organic fertilizers, such as compost and manure, are favored by environmentally conscious gardeners.

    3. Understanding the specific nutrient needs of plants is essential for selecting the right fertilizer.


Gardening involves a mix of practices to help plants thrive. Mulch, like leaves or straw, protects the soil by preventing weeds and keeping it moist. Fertilizer gives plants the nutrients they need for healthy growth. Pruning, or trimming branches, helps plants stay strong and look good. Pollination, done by bees and butterflies, is essential for seeds and fruits to form. Lastly, compost, made from kitchen and garden waste, adds natural nutrients to the soil. Together, mulch, fertilizer, pollination, compost, and pruning create a balanced and flourishing garden.

Access the practice lessons for today’s vocabulary words and master your pronunciation by going to the “English With Tiffani” app.