07 | Cybersecurity and Data Privacy

Today you will learn 5 new English words related to "Cybersecurity and Data Privacy"

TODAY’S TOPIC: “Cybersecurity and Data Privacy”

Learning about “cyber security and data privacy” is important for ESL learners, like yourself, because it helps you stay safe online. Knowing how to protect personal information, use strong passwords, and understand online threats is essential in today's digital world. By learning the basics of these topics, you as an ESL learner can communicate more securely, make informed decisions, and navigate the internet with confidence. Today’s vocabulary words will help you do just that. So, let’s jump right in.


1 | Encryption

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The process of converting information into a code to prevent unauthorized access.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Encrypting sensitive files adds an extra layer of security, ensuring only authorized users can access the information.

    2. Websites with "https" use encryption to secure the data transmitted between the user's browser and the server.

    3. Secure messaging apps use end-to-end encryption to protect users' conversations from eavesdroppers.

2 | Firewall

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic, acting as a barrier between a secure internal network and external networks, such as the internet.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. A firewall prevents unauthorized access to a computer or network by monitoring and blocking suspicious incoming and outgoing traffic.

    2. Installing a firewall is a fundamental step in safeguarding a network from cyber threats and attacks.

    3. Companies often use firewalls to create a secure boundary between their internal systems and external networks.

3 | Phishing

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: A fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details, by disguising as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Being cautious of unexpected emails and verifying their legitimacy helps protect against phishing attempts.

    2. Phishing attacks often involve deceptive links that mimic legitimate websites to trick users into providing confidential information.

    3. Cybersecurity training includes educating users on how to recognize and avoid falling victim to phishing schemes.

4 | Authentication

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: The process of verifying the identity of a user, system, or device to ensure that access is granted only to authorized individuals.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Multi-factor authentication adds an extra layer of security by requiring users to provide multiple forms of identification.

    2. Biometric authentication, such as fingerprint or facial recognition, enhances the security of mobile devices.

    3. Proper authentication is crucial in preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information and accounts.

5 | Malware

  • Part of speech: Noun

  • Definition: Software designed to harm or exploit computer systems, including viruses, ransomware, and spyware.

  • Example Sentences:

    1. Antivirus software is essential for detecting and removing malware from computer systems.

    2. Phishing emails often contain attachments that may install malware on the recipient's device.

    3. Regular software updates help protect against vulnerabilities that malware may exploit.


If you want to keep your information safe online, you are going to require encryption and firewalls. Encryption turns important details into secret codes, only understandable to the right people. Think of firewalls like digital bodyguards, keeping an eye on the traffic to stop any trouble. But watch out for phishing – it's like online trickery that tries to steal your private info. Then there's malware, which, like viruses and spyware, is always trying to sneak in. That's why it's crucial to have strong authentication – like extra passwords or codes – to make sure only the right people get in. So, in the ongoing effort to stay safe online, encryption, firewalls, being cautious about phishing, defending against malware, and using strong authentication all team up to protect our digital world.

Access the practice lessons for today’s vocabulary words and master your pronunciation by going to the “English With Tiffani” app.